Caring for your Pearl jewellery

The Ultimate Guide to Caring for Your Pearl Jewellery

Pearls are timeless and elegant, known for their lustrous beauty and sophistication. However, they require special care to maintain their radiance and longevity. Unlike other gemstones, pearls are organic and delicate, making them more susceptible to damage from chemicals, heat, and moisture. Here’s a comprehensive guide on how to best care for your pearl jewellery.

1. Understanding Pearls

Pearls are formed inside mollusks and are composed mainly of calcium carbonate. This composition makes them softer and more vulnerable to scratches and other damage compared to harder gemstones like diamonds and sapphires. Knowing this, it’s essential to handle and store pearls with extra care.

2. Daily Wear and Handling

Last On, First Off: When dressing, put on your pearl jewellery last and remove it first. This helps avoid contact with cosmetics, perfumes, hairspray, and other chemicals that can damage the pearls.

Avoid Contact with Chemicals: Substances such as perfume, makeup, hairspray, and cleaning agents can dull the lustre of pearls. Always apply these products before putting on your pearls, and avoid direct contact.

Handle with Clean Hands: Oils and dirt from your hands can transfer to the pearls, affecting their lustre. Make sure to handle them with clean hands.

3. Cleaning Your Pearls

Gentle Cleaning: After wearing, wipe your pearls with a soft, damp cloth to remove any dirt or oils. This helps maintain their shine and prevent build-up.

Mild Soapy Water: If deeper cleaning is needed, use a mild soap solution. Dip a soft cloth in soapy water, wipe the pearls gently, and then rinse with a damp cloth dipped in clean water. Never soak pearls in water as it can weaken the silk thread.

Avoid Ultrasonic Cleaners: Ultrasonic and steam cleaners can damage pearls. Always opt for gentle, manual cleaning methods.

4. Storing Your Pearls

Separate Storage: Store pearls separately from other jewellery to avoid scratches. Use a soft pouch or a lined jewellery box.

Avoid Plastic Bags: Do not store pearls in plastic bags as they can emit chemicals that can damage the surface of the pearls.

Store Flat: If your pearls are strung, store them flat to prevent the thread from stretching.

5. Maintaining the String

Regular Restringing: Pearl necklaces and bracelets should be restrung periodically, ideally every one to two years, depending on how often they are worn. This ensures the string remains strong and secure.

Knotted Strings: Ensure your pearl necklaces are knotted between each pearl. This prevents them from rubbing against each other and provides extra security in case the string breaks.

6. Wearing Pearls

Avoid Extreme Conditions: Avoid exposing pearls to extreme heat or cold, as well as direct sunlight, which can cause them to dry out and become brittle.

Limit Contact with Water: Remove pearl jewellery before swimming, bathing, or doing household chores. Chlorine and other chemicals in water can damage pearls.

7. Regular Inspections

Check for Damage: Regularly inspect your pearl jewellery for any signs of damage or loosening. Promptly addressing these issues can prevent further damage.

Professional Check-ups: Have your pearls checked by a jeweller periodically to ensure they are in good condition and the string is intact.


Pearls are exquisite and delicate, requiring thoughtful care to preserve their beauty. By following these tips, you can ensure that your pearl jewellery remains a cherished part of your collection for many years. Remember, pearls thrive on being worn and loved, so enjoy them while taking steps to protect their unique luster.

For more information and to explore our collection of beautiful pearl jewellery, visit H&S Jewellers. Our experts are always here to help you choose and care for your precious pieces.